```javascript –hide runmd.onRequire = path => path.replace(/^mime/, ‘..’);

# Mime

A comprehensive, compact MIME type module.

## Version 2 Notes

Version 2 is a breaking change from 1.x as the semver implies.  Specifically:

* `lookup()` renamed to `getType()`
* `extension()` renamed to `getExtension()`
* `charset()` and `load()` methods have been removed

If you prefer the legacy version of this module please `npm install mime@^1`.  Version 1 docs may be found [here](https://github.com/broofa/node-mime/tree/v1.4.0).

## Install

### NPM

npm install mime

### Browser

It is recommended that you use a bundler such as
[webpack](https://webpack.github.io/) or [browserify](http://browserify.org/) to
package your code.  However, browser-ready versions are available via wzrd.in.
E.g. For the full version:

    <script src="https://wzrd.in/standalone/mime@latest"></script>
    mime.getType(...); // etc.

Or, for the `mime/lite` version:

    <script src="https://wzrd.in/standalone/mime%2flite@latest"></script>
    mimelite.getType(...); // (Note `mimelite` here)

## Quick Start

For the full version (800+ MIME types, 1,000+ extensions):

```javascript --run default
const mime = require('mime');

mime.getType('txt');                    // RESULT
mime.getExtension('text/plain');        // RESULT

See Mime API below for API details.

Lite Version

There is also a “lite” version of this module that omits vendor-specific (*/vnd.*) and experimental (*/x-*) types. It weighs in at ~2.5KB, compared to 8KB for the full version. To load the lite version:

const mime = require('mime/lite');

Mime .vs. mime-types .vs. mime-db modules

For those of you wondering about the difference between these [popular] NPM modules, here’s a brief rundown …

mime-db is “the source of truth” for MIME type information. It is not an API. Rather, it is a canonical dataset of mime type definitions pulled from IANA, Apache, NGINX, and custom mappings submitted by the Node.js community.

mime-types is a thin wrapper around mime-db that provides an API drop-in compatible(ish) with mime @ < v1.3.6 API.

mime is, as of v2, a self-contained module bundled with a pre-optimized version of the mime-db dataset. It provides a simplified API with the following characteristics:

Module Size
mime-db 18 KB
mime-types same as mime-db
mime 8 KB
mime/lite 2 KB

Mime API

Both require('mime') and require('mime/lite') return instances of the MIME class, documented below.

new Mime(typeMap, … more maps)

Most users of this module will not need to create Mime instances directly. However if you would like to create custom mappings, you may do so as follows …

```javascript –run default // Require Mime class const Mime = require(‘mime/Mime’);

// Define mime type -> extensions map const typeMap = { ‘text/abc’: [‘abc’, ‘alpha’, ‘bet’], ‘text/def’: [‘leppard’] };

// Create and use Mime instance const myMime = new Mime(typeMap); myMime.getType(‘abc’); // RESULT myMime.getExtension(‘text/def’); // RESULT

If more than one map argument is provided, each map is `define()`ed (see below), in order.

### mime.getType(pathOrExtension)

Get mime type for the given path or extension.  E.g.

```javascript --run default
mime.getType('js');             // RESULT
mime.getType('json');           // RESULT

mime.getType('txt');            // RESULT
mime.getType('dir/text.txt');   // RESULT
mime.getType('dir\\text.txt');  // RESULT
mime.getType('.text.txt');      // RESULT
mime.getType('.txt');           // RESULT

null is returned in cases where an extension is not detected or recognized

```javascript –run default mime.getType(‘foo/txt’); // RESULT mime.getType(‘bogus_type’); // RESULT

### mime.getExtension(type)
Get extension for the given mime type.  Charset options (often included in
Content-Type headers) are ignored.

```javascript --run default
mime.getExtension('text/plain');               // RESULT
mime.getExtension('application/json');         // RESULT
mime.getExtension('text/html; charset=utf8');  // RESULT

mime.define(typeMap[, force = false])

Define [more] type mappings.

typeMap is a map of type -> extensions, as documented in new Mime, above.

By default this method will throw an error if you try to map a type to an extension that is already assigned to another type. Passing true for the force argument will suppress this behavior (overriding any previous mapping).

```javascript –run default mime.define({‘text/x-abc’: [‘abc’, ‘abcd’]});

mime.getType(‘abcd’); // RESULT mime.getExtension(‘text/x-abc’) // RESULT ```

Command Line

mime [path_or_extension]


> mime scripts/jquery.js